Ox Securities Guide to Reading Chart Patterns provides an overview of reading charts: Day trading is a dynamic and exciting venture, but to navigate the volatile markets successfully, understanding how to read charts is essential. Charts provide a visual representation of a stock’s price movement, aiding traders in making informed decisions. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the key elements of chart analysis to help you gain a solid foundation for day trading.

1. Trend Lines:

Trend Lines are the overall direction that the market would be travelling in. From the image below, there are three type of trends that chart would follow: Upward Trend (Bullish), Downward Trend (Bearish) or even Sideways (neutral). Utilize trendlines to connect consecutive highs or lows and determine the overall direction. Understanding the prevailing trend helps you make informed buy or sell decisions.

2. Head and Shoulders:

In day trading, “Head and Shoulders” is a popular chart pattern that signifies a potential trend reversal. This pattern is named for its visual resemblance to a head and shoulders, and consists of three peaks: a higher peak (head) between two lower peaks (shoulders). Here’s a breakdown of the key components of the Head and Shoulders pattern:

Left Shoulder:

The pattern begins with an uptrend, represented by a price peak known as the left shoulder.

After the left shoulder, there is typically a minor price decline, forming a temporary trough.


Following the left shoulder, there is a higher peak called the head. This peak is higher than the left shoulder and is a continuation of the uptrend.

After the head, there is another decline in price, often more pronounced than the one after the left shoulder.

Right Shoulder:

The right shoulder is the third peak in the pattern and is lower than the head.

After the right shoulder, there is another decline, creating a trough similar to the one after the left shoulder.


The neckline is a horizontal line drawn across the lows of the troughs between the peaks (shoulders) and the head.

The neckline serves as a crucial level, and a breach of this line typically signals a confirmed trend reversal.


Volume analysis is often used in conjunction with the Head and Shoulders pattern. Generally, trading volume tends to decrease as the pattern forms, with a notable increase when the price breaks below the neckline.

Interpreting the Head and Shoulders Pattern:

Reversal Signal:

The Head and Shoulders pattern can be considered a reversal pattern. When the price breaks below the neckline after the formation of the right shoulder, it indicates a shift from an uptrend to a potential downtrend.

Target Price:

Traders often estimate the potential price decline by measuring the vertical distance from the head to the neckline. This distance is then subtracted from the point where the neckline is breached. The result provides a target price for the downward move.


Traders look for confirmation of the pattern, typically in the form of increased trading volume when the price breaks below the neckline. A sustained move below the neckline reinforces the likelihood of a trend reversal.

It’s important to note that while the Head and Shoulders pattern is a widely recognized technical analysis tool, not all instances lead to a reversal. Traders should use additional indicators and analysis to strengthen their decision-making process.

3. Timeframes:

Day traders often focus on short-term price movements. Therefore, it’s crucial to choose the appropriate timeframe for your analysis. Common timeframes include one minute, five minutes, and 15 minutes. Shorter timeframes offer a more detailed look at intraday movements, while longer timeframes provide a broader perspective.

4. Chart Patterns:

Recognizing chart patterns is a skill that sets successful day traders apart. Patterns like triangles, flags, and head and shoulders formations can signal potential price movements. Learning to interpret these patterns enhances your ability to anticipate market behaviour.

Flags and Pennants:
These patterns are brief periods of consolidation before the price continues in the same direction as the previous trend.


Triangles are continuation patterns that occur when the price forms a series of higher lows and lower highs (ascending triangle) or lower lows and higher highs (descending triangle) before eventually breaking out in the direction of the previous trend.

Support and Resistance:

Support and resistance levels indicate where a stock’s price might experience a barrier. Support is a price level where a stock tends to stop falling, while resistance is where it tends to stop rising. Identifying these levels assists in setting entry and exit points, enhancing risk management.

Candlestick Patterns:

Candlesticks represent the price movement of an asset over a specific period of time. They display the open, high, low and close of a securities’ price and when are combined with candles to form a pattern that can be deciphered to a buy or sell signal and a directional bias.

5. Volume Analysis:

Volume is a critical component of chart analysis. An increase in trading volume often confirms the strength of a price movement. Combining volume analysis with price patterns can validate the significance of trends or reversals.

In Summary, understanding how chart patterns operate is a valuable tool for day traders who are looking to improve their trading experience and understanding the markets’ dynamic and to use research and a solid strategy to avoid emotional trading

Ox Securities provides clients with educational material such as MetaTrader4 and MetaTrader 5 video tutorials to help support their understanding of trading tools.

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